Municipal History

Municipal History

Joynagar Mazilpur Municipality has a long history and is the birthplace of many renowned Freedom fighters, Poets and Historian. To name a few, Biplabi Kanilal Bhattacharya, Pandit Shibnath Shastri, Shri. Bimal Krishna Motilal and others. It is the gateway of Sundarban.  The Joynagar Mazilpur Municipality was established in the year of 1869 and located at the southern end of the District of South 24 Parganas.

Year of Establishment of Municipality: 1st April, 1869

Boundary of Municipality:

In the northern side of municipal area, there are southern parts of Uttar Durgapur and Sreepur Gram Panchayet. The entire eastern part is contiguous to western parts of Shahajadapur & Futigoda Gram Panchayet. Southern portion is adjoining to some parts of Futigoda and South Bishnupur Gram panchayet. And the whole western part in nighbouring to eastern portion of Uttar Durgapur Gram Panchayet.

Linkages of Rail, Road:

A rail tract from Sealdah-Lakshmikantapur-Namkhana has been providing service as main linkage since 1928. Garia-Mathurapur Road which is called Kulpi Road is also here on which motor vehicles ply, but there is no regular bus service for carrying passengers which is very much needed now. Moreover, some new roads have been constructed as the branches of Joynagar-Jamtala Road for plying vehicles from the remote areas of Sundarbans to this Town. It has generated the influse of population and regular commuters to this town.

Economic Base including Major Establishments:

There is no big or small industry which may provide jobs to the local people and enhance the revenue earnings of this municipality. Some people of some backward wards of this municipal area cultivate various type of vegetables and sell those products in the local markets. 10% to 15% people of total population are government employees and school teachers. More than 25% people run small business selling different articles from different shops. Near about 30% people provide their skilled services as masons, carpentry works, electrical parts repairing etc. and earn their livelihood,. The rest percentage of total population is either unemployed or daily laborers. As this municipal area is formed upon silted ‘Adi Ganga’, many small and big water bodies are existed here as the remnants of ‘Ad’ Ganga’, where pisciculture is being done now in an unorganized manner.

Five H.S. Schools, Two High Schools, Eighteen Primary Schools, One Police Station, One Post Office, BL & LRO Office, LIC Office, Office of the Sub-Registrar, Five Nationalized Banks, Two Private Banks & One Co-operative Bank are the major establishment of this area. Some of the offices are running in the municipal buildings paying rent to the municipality. Moreover, one Maternity & Child Welfare Centre named ‘Math Mongal Shishu Mongal’ and three Markets including age old `Mitragange Market’ & Hat are major establishment of this municipality. Two Town and one private Library are also running here.

Demographic Growth:

Joynagar Mazilpur had a population of 23,319. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Joynagar Mazilpur has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 71%. In Joynagar Mazilpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of Interest, Festivals: There are a few religious spots but no other major tourism spot or festival.

Traditional Arts/Crafts:

The Joynagar is better known for the Nalen Gur (Jaggery made from Date Palm tree extract) and Moa (Puff rice & jaggery ball) is a winter season delicacy of all Bengalis.


This municipal area is treated as a cultural area of Bengal. Near about two hundreds years ago 16 to 18 Toles & Chatuspathi were maintained by the local pundits. Some Toles were residential. Many learners from different parts of undivided Bengal took admission hear to learn Sanskrit language, Hindu Shastra & Philosophy and Literature. At that time this area was called as second Nabadwip of Bengal. Thereafter, due to change of social needs many schools were established here from where Umesh Chandra Dutta, Shibnath Shastri, Kalinath Dutta, Kalidas Dutta, Gopendra Krishna Basu, Dr. Gopika Mohan Bhattacharya, Dr. Bimal Krishna Motilal, Dr. Nil Ratan Sarkar and many other eminent personalities who devoted their life for the sake of our nation were emerged from this area. Moreover, in the field of classical music, sports and drama many persons of this locality placed themselves in the admirable position in Bengal. These cultural traditions are still now being perpetuated by some local people.


Joynagar Mozilpur Municipal area is situated in the World’s largest delta region i.e. Sunderbans, average highest temperature of this area is 37°c and lowest is 12°c. The average annual rainfall is 1700 mm. Relative humidity of this region hovered from 71% to 90%. In the winter season this area becomes very pleasant. The temperature and moisture remains in such a peculiar condition that `Nalengue and `Khar are produced in this area with its unique sweet odour. These are the main ingredients of famous `Joynagar Moa’. It is nothing but a product of natane laboratory which only existed in the climatic condition and quality of soil of this area during winter season. Unique scent of ‘Nalen gur’ is a product of date-palm and excellent scent of ‘Ichar is a product of kanakchur paddy of this area.

Area: 5.81 Square Kilometer

Types of Works/Services provided:

The municipal authority generally provides all types of service to the local people which are entrusted with them by concerned authority time to time.

Providing street lights, maintenance of sewerage & roads, removing garbage from the residential areas, maintenance of three municipal markets, the burning ghats and two graves along with supply of drinking water to the local people are the regular service of the municipality. Moreover, regular health checks up of expectant mother are done by the Maternity & Child Welfare Centre.

In addition to these Indira Uddyan, Shibnath Shastri Sadan & Amantran Guest House is providing service in the field of cultural & social activities.

Soil and Ground Water Scenario:

The geographical location of the Municipality is 22 degree 57 minutes 15 second north axis of the latitude and 88 degree 26 minutes 22 seconds east axis of the longitude. The area belongs to a part of earlier Gangetic delta. As a result, the type of soil is very fertile and capable of producing large quantity of crops, vegetables, and fruits in its present agricultural area. The water level is shallow in the alluvial belt and deep in other parts.

Revolutionary Kanailal Bhattacharya (1909-1931)

Revolutionary Kanailal Bhattacharya (1909-1931)

Hundred and hundred heroes died in the freedom struggle of India; but there are few examples where the martyrs died for his country and their names remain hidden for the good of the revolutionary movement. Kanailal Bhattacharya from Mazilpur Bhattacharya Para, is the person who created the rare example of sacrifice. Binay Basu and Badal Gupta were killed but Dinesh Gupta survived in the historic fight at Writer’s Building in the time of freedom struggle of India. The oppressor British Rulers let not live him. They hanged him on 7th July, 1931 by unjust law. But the judge of Alipur R. R Galik was shooted by Kanailal of Mazilpur. Thus Kanailal made the judgment of the judge. After killing Galik Sahib he immediately took very poisonous Potassium Cyanide capsule. A small note was found from his pocket that contained a name- Bimal Das Gupta. Bimal Das Gupta who killed the maltreater Pedi Sahib was escaped. Kanailal wrote the name in that note so that the British police would stop chasing him.

Kanailal belonged from a very poor family; he joined freedom revolution movement when he was very young. He came in touch of well known revolutionaries like Sunil Chatterjee, Satkari Bandyopadhyay etc. and soon he became a mature fighter of revolution movement.
In fond of the memory of this patriot the Alipur Bekar Road had been renamed into Biplabi Kanailal Bhattacharya Road. Not only this but a road in Joynagar-Mazilpur district been named on him also. Except this a bronj statue had been placed at Mazilpur Dutta Bazar near his ancestor’s house.

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